Additional Sources


Federal and Provincial Government Funding for Oil and Gas Industry R&D

“[Alberta’s] economy is increasingly a one-trick pony, and it will get crushed. And finding ways to improve the process of getting heavy oil out will not help us one iota.”

David Keith, Professor of Applied Physics, Harvard University, quoted in Josh Wingrove, Dawn Walton, and Nathan Vanderklippe, “Redford pledges $3 billion in oil-sands environmental research,” The Globe and Mail, March 28, 2012,

“Canada leads G7 in oil and gas subsidies: new report,” June 4, 2018,

Jen Gerson “Oil sands environmental fund, or Soviet-style nightmare?” The National Post, March 29, 2012,

Deborah Yedlin: Supercluster initiative brings opportunity for economic diversification,” Calgary Herald, May 26, 2017:

“The planned energy supercluster under CRIN could be seen as an updated version of the Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority (AOSTRA), which brought together business, government and academia to solve a unique problem.”

“Why CRIN is the most important new acronym in Canadian oil and gas,” By Bill Whitelaw, July 16, 2017:

“CRIN’s first major outward thrust is its effort to tap into the federal government’s innovation supercluster funding coffers via a next-generation program announced in the March budget. Its “letter of intent” will be submitted this week, along with similar applications from other sectors. By fall, it will know if it’s successful.”

Sarah Dobson and Amin Asadollahi, Fossil Fuel Subsidies: An Analysis of Federal Financial Support to Canada’s Oil Sector, Pembina Institute, July 2014.

“Despite its profitability, growth and environmental footprint, the Canadian oil sector remains a significant recipient of federal financial support. Canada, however, is not alone in its persistent subsidization of the oil sector. Fossil fuel subsidies in general (which include production and consumption subsidies for oil, natural gas and coal) are a significant cost to governments worldwide. They also encourage increased energy use, which in turn contributes to increased global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.”

Bob Weber, “Canada’s $3.3-Billion Subsidy To Oil An ‘Anti-Carbon Tax’: Groups,” Canadian Press, November 16, 2016.

“The report calculates the total cost of fossil-fuel subsidies at about $3.3 billion a year. Nearly $1.2 billion comes from favourable federal tax treatment of oil and gas exploration and development projects . . . The second-biggest subsidy comes from Alberta, which provides $1.1 billion through forgone revenues from royalty reductions. The rest comes from a mix of federal and provincial tax credits and other subsidies.”

Mitchell Anderson, “IMF Pegs Canada’s Fossil Fuel Subsidies at $34 Billion,,  15 May 2014.

Environmental Defence, Climate Action Network Canada, Equiterre, and Oilchange International, The Elephant in the Room: Canada’s Fossil Fuel Subsidies Undermine Carbon Pricing Efforts, November 2016.

A number of provincial government subsidies to the oil industry for SAGD technologies research are mentioned in this article from 2013:

Margo McDiarmid, CBC News, “G20 countries spend $450B a year on fossil fuel subsidies, study says,” last updated: Nov 16, 2015:
“G20 countries are spending $452 billion US a year subsidizing their fossil fuel industries and are undermining the world’s effort to combat climate change in the process, according to a new international report by an environmental advocacy group.”


Environmental Concerns

“Groups call for inquiry into oilsands steam extraction: Bitumen leak at project in northeast Alberta sparks concerns,” The Canadian Press Posted: Aug 13, 2013,